Suez is a seaport city (population ca. 497,000) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate. It has three harbors, Adabya, Ain Sokhna and Port Tawfiq, and extensive port facilities. Together they form a metropolitan area. Railway lines and highways connect the city with Cairo, Port Said, and Ismailia. Suez has a petrochemical plant, and its oil refineries have pipelines carrying the finished product to Cairo.
Perhaps most well known for the Suez Canal, the seaport city of Suez (el-Suweis) is quite an important metropolis in North-Eastern Egypt. Located on the Gulf of Suez near the southern end of the Suez Canal, it is the capital of the Suez Governorate and has an approximate population of 500,000 people. It is situated near the scenic Ataga Hills (Jebel Ataga), about 134 kilometers (83 miles) from Cairo and 88 kilometers (55 miles) from Ismailia, this city affords an excellent view of Sinai and the Red Sea.
Places to visit
Being a seaport, there are 3 harbors: Adabya, Ain Sokhna, and Port Tawfiq. Suez also has extensive port facilities. Its location makes it a good stopping point for pilgrims on their way to and from Mecca.
Since the Gulf of Suez ends in a shoal at its northern end which is dry at low tide a channel 2mi/3km long was cut to bring the entrance to the Suez Canal to the edge of deeper water. A stone causeway 50ft/15m wide connects the town with the island of Port Taufiq, created by the accumulation of the great masses of soil dredged out of the sea. On the southwest side of the islands are the port installations of Port Ibrahim.
Springs of Moses:
Seven mi/11km southeast of Suez, on the east side of the gulf, are the Springs of Moses (Ain Musa), a group of hot springs (70-84 °F/21-29 °C), some sweet and some bitter, which form a small fertile oasis. One of the springs is said to be the bitter spring of Marah which Moses made sweet by casting a tree into it (Exodus 15: 23 ff.). From this side of the gulf there are fine views of the sea and the heights of the Gebel Ataqa Range to the west.
Some 12.5mi/20km southwest of Suez, bounded on the south by the Ras el-Adabiya, is Adabiya Bay, where new port installations are under construction. Half way there is the beach of Cabanon.